Hints for the Farm
In The Barn
Heat Stress -
Review the signs of heat stress and the preventative measures.
In very hot, humid weather, put out a bucket of electrolyte mixture for the llamas
to drink. A couple of spoons of raspberry jello (powder) will sweeten it up (it's not
necessary to do this though). Do not offer the electrolytes in place of fresh, cool
water, but in addition to it. Clean the electrolyte bucket daily due to bacteria. This
will help them through periods of heat and help prevent heat stress.
Frothing At The Mouth -
Sometimes when chewing their cud in the summer, you will notice the llamas
frothing at the mouth. Probably due to a substance called slaframin in clover.
Stacking Hay -
When stacking hay bales, always criss-cross the bales and put the cut ends up. This
allows for more circulation and will help prevent the hay from molding.
Salt Your Hay -
There is an "old farmers way" of putting salt on your hay when stacking it to keep
it from spontaneous combustion. Especially if hay is somewhat damp. Sprinkle it
with salt, lay down the next layer of hay, and sprinkle with salt, etc.
Hay Analysis -
Now that your hay is selected for the year, perhaps you should have it analyzed
and adjust your mineral supplements accordingly.
Fly Control -
There are various suggestions for controlling these
* Use a
mixture of citronella and Swat
* Use Avon
Skin-So-Soft. Smells good too.
* Use Avon
Skin-So-Soft Bath Oil mixed with water. Rub or spray on.
* Use spray
or rub-on fly repellants for horses, carefully avoid the eyes.
* Use Deep
Woods "Off" for humans on their faces. Should be safe.
Urine Odors -
In hot humid weather when llamas do not want to wander
from their cool shelters,
sometimes unpleasant odors may accumulate. There
are various products that may
help the odors.
* Srinkle area with Stall Dry. Contains a deodorizer.
* Sprinkle with a baking soda product called Bufferight. Available from
Bioproducts, Cleveland, Ohio.
* Nature's Miracle Stain & Odor Remover. Available from Pets 'N People, 930
Indian Peak Rd, Rolling Hills Estates, CA 90274.
* Clean the areas with ammonia.
* Clean the areas with liquid bleach.
* Use an absorbent bedding material. Reconstituted newspaper available from
Crown Animal Bedding, Stutzman Environmental Products; Camby, OR
spread the area with an AG Lime. Absorbent.
* Sprinkle Baking Soda over urine areas to neutralize the odor and also cuts
down on the flies. Available in 50# bags at your feed & grain supply - also
called Sodium Bicarb.
* A llama owner shares with us that peat moss works wonders for absorbing
urine. Then spray with a dilute of a cleaning agent such as Lemon Sure.
Dust Bowl Additive
Put 5% Sevin dust in the llama's dust bowls. Llamas love to roll in it, and it's an
easy way to treat them for lice and ants.
Coccidia Treatment -
If you must treat the entire herd for coccidia, try adding flavored gelatin or koolaid
to the Corid mixture for a more pleasant flavor.
Better yet, give direct dosages to
those animals that need it.
In The Barnyard
Getting Ready To Travel With The
Do you have trouble backing your trailer? Put your hands on the bottom of the
steering wheel and whichever way your hands go when you turn the wheel, is the
way the trailer will turn.
It is advisable to never tie your llama in the trailer. It has been known that the
lead rope has wrapped around the animal's neck and caused strangulation.
Remove the lead rope from the halter
and keep it in your vehicle.
* Never transport animals without halters on and lead ropes handy so that
even a non-llama person might have a chance to help your animals in case of
accident or escape. Check your trailer for anything the halter might get caught
on. Proper fit of the halter will allow your llama the freedom to chew cud, eat
* Unfortunate experiences recommend that we all carry a fire
extinguisher with us
in our vehicle when traveling with animals.
Think twice, and even three times, about putting a padlock on the trailer doors
when traveling. Only lock when the trailer is parked. If locked, no one could get
your animals out of the trailer in case of an accident or emergency.
In The Pastures
Weed Control -
An alternative to poisonous weed applications is flamer
weeding with a torch.
Burr Removal -
Salt may work better than Round-Up, burning, or
digging on these stubborn
plants. Purchase a big box of salt and apply a
handful around the roots. After they
turn a nice dead brown at the bottom of the
leaves, just yank the whole top out.
Reports say the plant doesn't come back!
Wasps, Bees, & Yellow Jackets -
Pour boiling water, or better yet, soapy water, in the area in the ground that the
insects seem to be in. Dusk is probably the better time when they are all in their
nest. Doesn't hurt the ground or plants.
Laws Of Farming
Your pants cuff is somehow automatically
attracted to the clutch pedal when you
dismount the tractor!
Barnyard Hints Or....
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