|Alopecia - This is the term used for bald spots. The
most common is the bare spot on the bridge
of the nose. More common in summer months, it can be caused by fly irritation
and rubbing. For this problem, some owners have found improvement by applying
Conofite, Vitamin E Oil, Vaseline, or Preparation H to the area.
The wool on the bridge of the nose normally grows
back in winter months if not before.
If the area with hair loss is crusty, flaky, thickened or reddened,
one may have to suspect ringworm, mange, mites, a type of fungus, rain scald, or zinc responsive skin disease
(sometimes called elephant skin). When the wool is coming out or breaking off, but
leaving a bald spot, it
may be due to shedding or a wool break due to some stress or illness.
Often this will occur when a llama goes to a new home or births a cria for the
This Case Has Not Been Clinically Diagnosed
| Notes From
Owner: Began with loss of hair and then gradually the bald patches increased in size, thickly encrusted with a greyishness or sometimes simply reddish in
color. In one or two areas the skin has cracked and bled. The affected area, now extensive, is the inner thighs, now completely stripped of hair, and the anus region. It seems the front legs are beginning to be affected too. While this condition is unsightly and very disturbing to me,
Maryann seems completely unaware of it. There is no apparent itching and none of the limping which would indicate soreness.
Her field here in southern England is poorly drained clay of neutral to acid soil. By avoiding over-stocking, we manage to keep all but the gate areas free of mud. Temperatures of late include nights below freezing,
in case this is relevant. She lives with four male llamas - none of which show any sign of the problem.
| Suggestions from other
owner suggests that these pictures look just like a mite problem that he had on
one of his animals. Injectible Ivermectin or Dectomax should take care of mites.
A skin scraping from the outer edge of the area would determine if it was mites or a type of fungus.
He then treated it with good old fashioned lime sulfur spray. He drenched
the area well twice a day.
2. Another owner suggests that this could also be a type of fungus. This farm
treats a skin fungus with a Betadine or Iodine Scrub and then follows up with
applications of fungal shampoo or medications. Sometimes fungal infections
can be very very difficult to clear up.
3. Another Owner: I have been fighting the exact same thing on one of our older girls. I
finally got a hold on it by bathing the affected areas with a copper based soap and treating with
dectomax. I did a skin scraping and had no doubt it was mites!!!! Watch your other animals
closely, especially the young and old................it is highly contagious. I
also used Cylence on the whole herd.
4. Another Owner: My vet suggested using Bag Balm on the
area. It prevents the air from getting to the area and allows it to
More Suspected Mites
||These photos show the loss of wool on legs of llamas
from mites. These animals were treated with Dectomax, 1 cc per 100
lbs., and the bare areas stopped spreading.
|These are photos of a spot of Ringworm
on a llama's nose. This case was clinically diagnosed by a skin
Ringworm is not actually a worm, but rather a type of
fungi. And the skin lesion is not always in the form of a ring. This species of fungi are sometimes found as normal inhabitants of
soil, however, it may also be found in contaminated pens. Highly
contagious, it is easily spread from animal to animal - but rarely to humans
although it is a possibility.
Arthrospores, the infective element of this fungi, invade the hair
shafts and the outer layer of skin resulting in hair loss and a crusty
appearance. It most often appears on the face, the legs, or the
The photo on the top left was first noticed on the side
of the animal's nose. The photo on the top right is a close up view.
The photo just to the left is the area after it was cleaned with Betadine and
the crustiness removed. It was then treated with an anti-fungal cream
which took care of the problem immediately. It takes a few weeks before
you notice the hair starting to grow back on the area. Wash hands
thoroughly after administering treatment.
Treatment: Topically, treat with tincture of
iodine or straight nolvasan. Apply with a cotton swab so as not to get
any in eyes etc - can be very irritating. Apply every other day for 1 week.
Another Suspected Ringworm Case
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